What is it?
Vitiligo is a medical condition where the skin starts losing colour in botches. This can affect any part of the patient’s body. In some cases, the hair and the inside of the mouth are affected. Vitiligo usually has an unpredictable way of spreading, even the rate of colour loss.
The melanin producing cells of the body are responsible for the colour of the hair and body. The decline and death of these cells lead to Vitiligo. Even though, it technically affects all skin types, people with a darker skin colour are affected more. It is found to occur usually in patients below the age of 20.
Patients suffering from Vitiligo are also found to experience the following:
Signs and Symptoms
As we mentioned earlier, loss of skin colour in patches, usually the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips, is the major sign of Vitiligo. Some of the other symptoms include:
Types of Vitiligo
The classification of the different types of Vitiligo is done based on the location of the presence of discolouration on the body. The different types are:
Melanin is the pigment that provides colour to the hair, skin, and eyes. The death or the loss of function of the melanin-producing cells of the body is the main cause for Vitiligo. The exact cause for this phenomenon is difficult to pinpoint but it has been related to the following:
How is Vitiligo diagnosed?
We recommend that patients visit our clinic when you start seeing the loss of colour in your skin, hair or eyes. Our doctors will first examine the patient and then diagnose the condition and rule out other medical issues. Doctors usually confirm the presence of Vitiligo by shining an Ultraviolet lamp on the affected area of the skin.
The doctor might confirm the diagnosis by opting for the following:
How can it be treated?
Vitiligo can be treated using different treatment options, as listed below, depending on the skin’s type, extent and other conditions.
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